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22 Apr. 1816 17

Appendix III
Dean Andrews
2 Vansittart


II Motive un
[So many pleasures
pains designs and interests, so
many motives]

2. In the next place the motive is a thing altogether
incapable of being ascertained. [Not a pain species or a pleasure
that has not a correspondent desire and interest and a pain or an interest
pleasure that is not on any occasion capable of
acting operating and operating with effect in the character
of a motive.]

In language vulgar
and efficient of the
motives in which
the execution of justice
is conceptually dependent
not one but is a
bad motive: viz
desire of money, &
ill will, which in
case of provocation is
desire of revenge.

Heroic virtue Family affection The motives by in which the
existence business of life is carried on — the motives by in which
the existence of the species depends are all the motives
in which the execution of justice or what is called
justice depends are all of them what in the language
of the Treasury and the Kings Bench are [termed] bad
motives: ill will love desire of money is what the execution
of civil justice justice in matters called civil depends is dependent upon: ill-will, which with or
without supposed provocation in which latter case it is called
revenge, or, in the language of crafty motive "revengeful
motive" or by some other such opproprious name
of which the language of common place affords
such multitudes is what penal justice the
execution of justice in matters called penal is dependent

[+] and in penal
matters called penal
in so far as rewards
are proposed

Civil justice depends
naturally on desire of
money: penal, naturally
on ill-will,
artificially on desire
of money, offered as
reward for provocation
or evidence.

Affection self-regarding
dissocial and social
Self regarding the affection
on which existence depends
of social, sole extensively
existing those which met
in the narrow family fields
acting in the wider
field they make
heroic virtue.

Here we have the self-regarding and the dissocial affections:
remain the social. Deducting family affection
and personal friendship affection less universal exceeded in
and less strong than universality as well as extent by the self regarding ones or the species
would long ago have been extinct, remain social affections
acting upon a large scale. But the social
affection acting upon a large scale and prevailing over
dissocial or self regarding is heroic virtue — and
to come to the present case prosecuting for the mere good benefit of the
state and not for the sake of reward in any or for gratification
of ill will from any cause would be heroic virtue.

in the hell of all
the odium the labour
and expence attached to
the situation of prosecution
— especially prosecution for a case in for an offence by which no individual feels himself particularly injured

Identifier: | JB/007/033/001
"JB/" can not be assigned to a declared number type with value 7.



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church of englandism

Folio number


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text sheet

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jeremy bentham


john dickinson & c<…> 1813


jeremy bentham

Paper Producer

a. levy


Paper Produced in Year


Notes public

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