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TURNPIKE ACT. Observations on. XVIII

As to Bill,+ It is probably seems to be put in contradistinction
to original, &
used to be inserted to have been at least, for the sake
of giving Jurisdiction to the
King's Bench

not entirely comprehending wherein consists what particular
mode of prosecution if any, distinct from Action
it is meant to design. I have nothing more
to say. Qu. Whether the
new model by that
extends to Debts thus
encreased by Forfeiture

Plaint being a proceeding in a
County Court would sends the matter (except it be in any other
County than in Middlesex+) to be tried by the Attorney
(whoever he is that in spite of the Statute is the
Under-Sheriff) at an the next Alehouse were it not for the words that follow+. These words cure that
mischief, but then thus
make the other word
It is pleasant enough to
observe how the common
Function &c
The particular
advantage of proceeding by Information, is, that it
adds makes a comfortable addition to the expense. The
truth of the matter seems to be, that the ear, used accustomed to the
jingle, set the had a going on without any direction
from the thinking faculty

131 § 53

The common fiction by which the Exchequer gets it
Jurisdiction applies pleasantly enough to an Action
thus founded. The Plff by way of inducement
to the Court to take his cause in hand, acquaints
them, that by his not having this Horse, for
whatever it is that he expects the Action will by & by to
give him be worth to him he finds himself disabled from paying
what he owe to his Majesty— just as so I
lost was £20,000 out of pocket by [not being in] the last Lottery.

131 § 59

Let no one doubt whether a .... will betake
himself to this crooked path approval to Justice, when the Law against pointing
out to him a straight one; he will not to prefer the ;
agreeably to the established will in all these cases,
which is when the same thing and can be done compassed either by truth or
falsehood, to chuse prefer the latter.

Guided, or rather indeed
compelled by ancient
good old rule of old established
for all these cases


132 § 47

The Term expression of carrying the Act into execution" is so vague
that it might be considered looked upon by some as imparting an the
obligation on these Officers to prosecute inform as is laid upon
Turnpike Officers; such, I must acknowledge was the
light in which it struck me at the first reading.
The truth is on the contrary, that the sphere of their
action is meant to be, considering the class of men what it ought to be, very confined:
it is but to >follow (except in the case of keeping
seizures) under the direction+ which is particular
in each instance
of the Magistrate. All then,
that is wanting, to take away from the description from their duty this
face of terror formidable appearance, is to represent it this in its in true just

133 § 53

It is a pity that no express provision is to be found in
this Act, concerning the application of pecuniary Forfeitures
---page break---
when recovered in the regular mode: It may be inferred that they
are to go in entirety to the Informer, since the distribution
made of them between the Informer & the Road in § 57
extends only to the summary prosecutions

134 § 53 New

Where the sum recoverable by Action is limited [only] not
to one, but limited between 2
fixed, the greatest sum may be demanded: & any sum
within the limits specified may be given by
the Jury.


135 § 53

Double Recovery

This serves only to introduce a provision
What this clause does is just what
the well-known provision of the Common Law, does
without it: + v. Buller's Nisi
Prius (1st Edit) 183.
It is therefore needless: we will
now see whether it be innocent.

But Qu. whether a prior suit yet still depending,
would afford furnish a plea in Bar to a posterior: if not
how could the Deft extricate himself from a posterior
if the conviction on the prior was not to take
place before that time posterior was got beyond
the stage at which when pleading could be admitted.
Qu. could this be done on Motion? indeed at
any stage before Trial. I suppose the Plea if not by
might be withdrawn, to make way for for the Plea
of Autrefois — convict.
These I believe
are motions of

What becomes of Costs
in this case — does the Plff when thus repelled by this plea pay them to the Deft?
+ sensible that he
does. Bull. 183.

This might would be hard in the case of a bonâ fide
Plff. Do they rest on the Deft? This is
hard upon a Deft & opens the door to oppression
by setting up a multitude of suits. The remedy for
this seems to be, that a Deft 2d Plff, upon
notice given by the Deft of a prior Action, should
proceed the find of Costs if the Deft be convicted
or acquitted without in that
[prior] Action.

The Common Law has gone further — by compleating
the provision remedy which this has given but by
halves: it makes not only conviction on a prior
Action a bar to a 2d subsequent one, but acquittal also.

However, in the case
of Summary prosecutions
where if any where the prosecution
would have been of use,
it is omitted. It is
tacitly supposed to be
observed by § 38. Why?
because Natural sense of
Equity would to
the inferior magistrate
Is this sense to be supposed
wanting in Magistrates
of the highest

Redundancy Heterothalamous

136 § 51 31 49

View § 31

If the provision for allowance of conviction for § 31
could stand its ground against § 49, here is another
to oppose it: the power of granting the Warrant of
Distress being limited to a conviction on one of the species
of evidence her appointed, of which that of the

Identifier: | JB/095/109/002
"JB/" can not be assigned to a declared number type with value 95.


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turnpike act observations on xviii





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jeremy bentham


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jeremy bentham

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