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INTRODUCT. Ch. II [Of] Happiness. Notes. [1].

[a] In all the Philosophical works of that admirable
Orator, unless it be there and there a passage
in the his Offices excepted, there is scarce
a clear idea. They are accordingly much
made of at the Universities—In Locke
there is scarce any thing but clear ideas.
His name, a Accordingly At Oxford, in spite of his Stature
his name is kept as hush as possible.
His notions, if we may believe certain Tutors
lead to Atheism—Certainly they lead to the
freedom of thought exercise of reason. Tis for this reason on this account
Tis by this principally that we may account of for the small matter more there is of that same freedom of &c. that in spite of all obstacles notwithstanding all obstacles which are in common to both places there is a
little more of that same freedom at Cambridge,
where he is in honor, than at Oxford
where even yet he is not yet got <add>risen out of in disgrace.

We shall have little to say of pleasures. Legislators
do not make pleasures deal with in them but little. They take They do not make pleasures: If they make them at all
them as they find them—The internal
instruments of pleasure any more than of pain they cannot make: As to pleasures, we take them as we find them.

God has made them what they are to be.
The number & now then the species of ....
Tit is in their power to make in an indirect & distant manner The external instruments they have in modern
times applied themselves to make, and with .

The most crack-brained word-catchers never thought
of saying that eating (to speak strictly I should
say the sensation perceived by a hungry man who is
hungry while he he is eating) and or any of these others which
we call pleasures was not a pleasure. —
But such pleasures were not goodHappiness
was not to be made up out of them—
they were not to enter into the composition
of Happiness—Even that moment, the
words 'good' and 'happiness' ceased to
have a meaning.

able success. I am alluding to the premiums speaking of the bounties &
given for the production of the the articles
of wealth.

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[b] Noah invented a [one] new pleasure—it was the
pleasure of inebriation—Those who have imitated
him in it have in many civilized
Societies tho' lightly, been punished for it—
One sees plainly enough the reason—It seems
plain enough that the the pleasures of it are obvious—the pains also are obvious. The pain pleasure it produces
in general is not equal to the pain.

Orpheus invented another pleasure—It should

A certain Jew whose name it were one need not mention
even to mention passes though the story does not warrant it for the inventor
of another pleasure—It is a sad one; since
it is bought with at the expence either of health
much greater pleasure; or of health, the basis
of all pleasures. Human Legislators have not proscribed
it: one sees very well the reason.
A vice An act without witness can not be proscribed to
any purpose—Who would have thought
it? Divine Legislation which alone could do it to any purpose has proscribed it
but obscurely—There is however much to be
said for this—To a certain age it is the prohibition were scarce
necessary. With respect to an age short of that it remains
always problematical, whether more would be deterred
by the Sanction, than invited by the explanation
of the offence.

seem a great one, to judge of it from what
formerly especially, one has been done for the sake of it—The painsespecially
belonging to it, however real, are not so obvious.
The most stupid of Legislators have
been among those who have proscribed it,
and with the greatest severity—One may conclude
therefore that it was not from any view of
the pains belonging to it, that they proscribed

Pains they create Pleasures they do but transfer.

We shall have little to say of pleasures: Legislators
deal in them but little—If they
make them at all, it is by an oblique and
distant operation—In general they take them as they
find them—There are 3 ways in which
pleasures may be said conceived to be made, or in
other words, to be invented—By giving a new making the
form to the internal again instrument, by making (i. e. giving
a new form to a portion of another so as that it
may become an to fit it for being an external instrument; & or by
by pointing out a new mode of applying the one
of them to the other—In either of these ways, sup

Identifier: | JB/096/122/001
"JB/" can not be assigned to a declared number type with value 96.


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introduct. ch. ii of happiness notes





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jeremy bentham


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