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29 June 1811 1811 June 29 1 9

V. ad superstitionem
Ch. 1. Generalia
§. Exposition or Exposure
§.1. I. Parties

1 1

9 or 1
Parties capable of
being concerned in an
engagement of the
kind in question —
the Sovereign of a state
being in all cases one.
The other

In the case here in question a species of contract an
engagement is by the supposition considered as having place,
and an engagement supposes two parties more parties viz. more than one; and in the case
here in question, of the two parties the sovereign of the state in question is one.

10 or 2
The other may be
a party without the
state, or do within
the state.

As to the party it may be either a party whose station is without
the state in question, or a party whose station is within the state.

11 or 3
If without the state,
it must be the sovereign
of such
state: viz: immediately
or alternately
since without permission
from his own sovereign
the subject if any
state can not contract
with the sovereign of

If a party without the state this party is either explicitly
or implicitly the sovereign of that such other state. For
if a the case be such that the other party is by the terms of the contract not the sovereign but a
subject of such foreign state, still by the nature of the
case, by the nature of the relation between subject sovereign and
subject in every political state, the subject of the foreign
state can not be bound any further than the as his sovereign is
bound with him. For a by whatsoever tie the subject of a
foreign state is capable of being bound to the sovereign of
our own state the proposed state in question, it can not ever be so strong but that
the tie by which he is bound to the subject of his own
state is still stronger. He therefore can not be bound to
the sovereign of a state other than his own any further than
it is in the pleasure of the sovereign of his own state to permitt
him so to bind himself, and in virtue and to the extent
of such permission to hold himself bound likewise

11(a) or 3(a)
of which
is susceptible. General
answer — in point of fact,
on each occasion
which power
of punishment over time
is then greatest

Note (a)
(a) The question under concerning who of subjection and sovereignty as between
sovereign and sovereign, i.e. with relation to which of two sovereign
given individual is to be considered as subject is a question
of great nicety and susceptible of many modifications, and
beset with encompassed by a proportionable number of difficulties. So far as concerns
the question matter of fact, the
simplest and it should
seem the truest answer
is — On any each given occasion occasion,
and for any given length of time you are the subject
of that sovereign in whose
power it is on that occasion
and during that length of
time to inflict suffering on
you to the greatest amount.
It is in this way and to this
purpose and extent that each
individual in whose state soever born is during his residence in the dominions of any sovereign other than his own original or superventitious adventitious sovereign, subject to such foreign

Identifier: | JB/104/238/001
"JB/" can not be assigned to a declared number type with value 104.



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9 or 1 - 11 or 3, 11a or 3a



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c1 / d9 / e1


jeremy bentham



jeremy bentham

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