1820 June 4. 5
1. Nature. 2. Use
☞ — Insert, before this, the division of Arithmetic
into Common and Algebraic. What follows immediately
belongs to Common Arithmetic.
Question 1. How many, and what are the operations,
in the aggregate, of which the whole of the art,
called Arithmetic, is comprized?
Answer. Five: viz. 1. Numeration, 2. Addition, 3.
Subtraction, 4. Multiplication, 5. Division +
☞ — Quere 6. Proportion
showing, and quere
if any others.
Question 2. What is meant by numeration?
Answer. The meaning of the word is different according
to the nature of the signs, which are the subjects of the
sort of operation indicated by it.
Question 3. What are those signs?
Answer. They are of two sorts: words and figures.
Question 4. What are the words?
Answer. They are of the same nature as the other
words of the language to which they belong: and, like
them are distinguishable, according to the nature of
the organs employed in the perception of them, distinguishable,
into words audible, which are the immediate
signs of the things signified, and words visible, which
are the visible signs of those audible and immediate ones.
☞ — Quere whether to break down this answer with its
Question 5. What are the figures that are employed
Answer. They are abridged substitutes to thes written
signs in the shape of those of which the bulk of the
language is composed.
Question 6. What is the use of these extraordinary
signs as contradistinguished from those ordinary
Answer. Giving dispatch and facility to the operations
in which they are employed
Question 7. How is it that they give dispatch?
Answer. 1. By acrequiring so much the less time
for the writing of them: 2
Identifier: | JB/135/280/001
"JB/" can not be assigned to a declared number type with value 135.
copy/fair copy sheet
d5 / e5 / g95
john flowerdew colls