The Pra'miary Sanction cannot be annexed to
[+] 1st because the number obedience to them are is infinite.
That of The rewards must therefore must be infinite.—
[+]When Reward is the Sanction it is annexed to as [acts of]
obedience — When Punishment to acts, of
That of The number of proportion of the disobediences is small
it Will Direction is formed expression, suppose in England, it is that men shall
not murder — How1 what Sanction shall they
it have to2 compleat it into a Law, Penal
or Praemiary, — Suppose a Penal one — hanging for every act of disobedience
Twenty 50 murders then are committed in a
year — What is the consequence? that 50
men are hanged —
Now let the Sanction be a for receiv'd Pra'miary age
5£ 1 Guinea for example for every act of obedience
observe the consequence
The act of disobedience which subjects a man
to the Punishment is performable in an instant
of time — It must be the same with
the act of obedience that is to enable him
to the Reward —
These are Men Person's in England Great B England are
6 Millions. — here then is 5 times 6 Million
of Pounds equal to that is 30 Millions (means 50 times 50) to pay in rewards for the to of the 1st instant moment of time after
the Law has takes place.
The number of moments in a year are x ..
30 6 Millions of Pounds multiplied by 20.
is what there will be due [+] [+] the shares of the 50 people who do not themselves to the reward being 1st deducted in rewards to one
at the year's end on the score of the
Law against Murder.
1st Because in prohibitive Laws there are is an infinity of obedience, to one
2. Because the Funds of Punishments is the
only one of the two that is inexhaustible.
3. Because a Legislator can be more certain
of producing pain by the instruments he has
at command for producing pain, than if producing
pleasure by the instruments he has
at producing pleasure
4. Because a greater interest can be raised
by pain, than can by pleasure, [and the
only one that shall be superior to any given
Legislators have made mere use of Punishments
than of Rewards — It was as easy to
tell that this must be the case, as it seems
to have been [found] difficult to tell why — Inconceivable
as it may appear it is a problem
which has posed some of the most celebrated
heads to solve — An obscure Some fo percepption, how obscure
so ever of the grounds of this phanomenon,
no one could fail of having , who
as at all consider'd it: but in no one have
it thay been yet explicitly developped - - - —.
Locke Puffendorf Locke + satisfactorily developped, the Auther of the Commentaries
have each their notion. An object The author of <add>A still later author</add>
A still later writer (the author I mean of an elegant
little Essay or Penal Law, seeking rest upon
among all these assertions & finding none,
has proposed his conjecture which is still
more unhappy than any of them.
INTROD. Law - Sanction — Why Penal rather than [ [ Praemiary.
Identifier: | JB/072/002/001
"JB/" can not be assigned to a declared number type with value 72.
[[info_in_main_headings_field::introd law sanction - why penal rather than [ ] praemiary]]
[[watermarks::gr [crown motif] [pro patria lion motif]]]