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16 C

Of Co-offenders

posterior to it. The case is therefore that though the expectation
of an act subsequent to the obnoxious event may
contribute to that individual event, yet the no such act can itself contribute
to it. All it can do is to contribute to the
production of other events of a like nature. But this
it can do, and when it does, this circumstance may be
sufficient to create a demand for punishment. The business is to prevent the expectation of any such act from being raised: this can only be effectually done, no otherwise than by punishing the act itself whenever it appears. It remains As to the way in which such expectation contributes, it is by suggesting or creating motives. The act then whereby such expectation is produced comes under the notion of an act of instigation or subornation. It remains The business
is then to observe what offences there are which
are so circumstanced that by reason the offender in order reaping of
to reap the profit may stand in need of the act of some other person,
the expectation of such act may have the effect of being
contributory to the offence. This we shall come to presently.


2. By diminishing the risk.
Secondly, as to the ways in which an act for subsequent
connected with the obnoxious event but subsequent to
it may contribute at future periods to the production of
other obnoxious events of the like nature. One of these ways
has been just noticed, to wit the contributing to the profit
of the crime offence: in which case the act has the
effect of an act of such instigation or subornation. Now And
in this case the a instigation or subornation is of the alluring kind
which in that case was done in the direct way: there remains
only the indirect way which is by diminishing
the inconvenience, that is, (since the inconvenience is contingent)
by diminishing the risk: which is in other words
to afford protection to the offender: by whom to wit by guarding

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Identifier: | JB/098/025/002
"JB/" can not be assigned to a declared number type with value 98.


Marginal Summary Numbering

21, 52



Main Headings

penal code

Folio number


Info in main headings field

of co-offenders






text sheet

Number of Pages




Page Numbering

f15 / f16 / f17 / f18


jeremy bentham


[[watermarks::[monogram] propatria [britannia with shield emblem]]]


jeremy bentham

Paper Producer


jeremy bentham

Paper Produced in Year

Notes public

ID Number


Box Contents

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