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Of the Moral Sanction

and only cause of the invention of political government
and of the punishments by which it is supported,
as also in many places either of the stories fables by
which the apprehension of religious punishments
has been inculcated into the minds of men; or if
not of the invention of those fables themselves, yet of the countenance
at least that has been given to those fables
by the political magistrate.

2. Equability
2. In point of equability also it seems excels some
political punishments and falls short of others.
It is less perhaps less apt to be unequable than temporary banishment or
confinement or in short almost any of the obvious modes
of political punishment are apt to be if the circumstances
affecting the sensibility of the patient
are not care attended to regarded. But at times not scarcely so equable
as almost any of them may be render'd if those circumstances
be carefully attended to. This point
however is the more difficult to decide inasmuch
as a certain quantity of disrepute is naturally almost constantly
connected with and forms a considerable part of
the suffering of all political punishments. It always is
indeed connected with them always except in the singular
case where either the Law or the l sentence happens to be
to a certain degree unpopular.

The truth is so vague and distant distant and uncertain is the
best view we can obtain of this point, that any the
thing best observations that can be made relative to it are hardly
worth communicating. As to the casual evils resulting
from this source of punishment as they
are neither more nor less than all the evils to which a human

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Advantages and Disadvantages.

nature is exposed, it is plain that the influence of
them is liable to be varied by all the circumstances
by which a man's sensibility can be affected: the
variations which it admitts of evil on the amount of which the influence of those
circumstances is most immediately discernible is the characteristic
evil the painful sense of shame.

1. The In the female sex among civilized nations the sense of shame seems
in general more exquisite than in the male. This may be owing
partly to a greater degree of radical irritability
of mind in persons of the tender sex, partly to the consciousness of their weakness
and the greater need in which they stand of
the good offices of their acquaintance, partly to the
difficulty it's being more difficult for them than
for men to shift change shift their company at pleasure.

2. In a very tender age, this sense has not yet
[arrived to] attained its utmost vigour: in the decline of life old age is sometimes
found to have weaken'd to a considerable degree
the force of such impressions. The passion of
avarice, the only one which seems to gain gains strength by age, fortifies
itself and overgrows overbears the sense of honour.

3. Want of health, weakness, irritability of the corporeal
or mental frame, any defect or infirmity
natural or acquired in the members or organs of the
body, all these are circumstances that exasperate aggravate
the face of the infamy as of every other kind of punishment
or calamity.

Identifier: | JB/098/062/002
"JB/" can not be assigned to a declared number type with value 98.


Marginal Summary Numbering

not numbered



Main Headings

penal code

Folio number


Info in main headings field

advantages and disadvantages





text sheet

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Page Numbering

f1 / f2 / f3 / f4


jeremy bentham


[[watermarks::w [britannia with shield emblem]]]


jeremy bentham

Paper Producer


jeremy bentham

Paper Produced in Year

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